Human Anatomy and Physiology: The Respiratory System and Respiratory Diseases

Path of air in the Respiratory System

Nose and Nasal Cavity

Pharynx (Throat)

Larynx (Voice Box)

Trachea (Windpipe)

Primary Bronchi

Lungs

Common Illnesses and Disorders

Asthma

  • Shortness of breath
  • Tightness in chest
  • Coughing
  • Wheezing
  • Fatigue

Cystic Fibrosis

  • Recurring chest infections
  • Wheezing, coughing, shortness of breath and damage to the airways
  • Difficulty putting on weight and growing
  • Increased risk of other major diseases
  • Mucus-thinning drugs
  • Inhaled medications called bronchodilators that help keep your airways open
  • Medications that target gene mutations (CTFR Modulators)
  • Gene therapy (currently being developed)

Pneumonia

  • Phlegm producing cough
  • Fatigue
  • Chest pains
  • Nausea
  • Shortness of breath
  • Vomiting
  • Fever

Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)

  • Chest tightness
  • Wheezing
  • Lack of energy
  • Coughing that may produce mucus
  • Shortness of breath

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